Mag. Andreas Mayr
Author Mag. Andreas Mayr
Guest Writer
Posted in Software Development , Drupal
June 14, 2017
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Guest Blog: How Drupal Commerce 2.x improved my skills

Being one of the first early adopters of Drupal Commerce 2.x, starting our first project in early 2016 (on alpha2 version) and soon after a second one, I originally planned to write a blog post soon after beta1 was published. Unfortunately, I was too busy at that time. Beta1 was released by the end of September 2016, and I postponed writing the post from one time to another. I wanted to share my experience, giving valuable tips, stating my opinion on maturity and the project's overall quality, etc.

By time of writing, we already have beta7 out and we're approaching the first release candidate. In the past couple of weeks/months, I could observe how the project gathered more and more pace. There's a significant amount of people building Commerce 2.x sites and many great developers are participating in both reporting bugs and features requests, as well as fixing the bugs, developing the features, writing documentation, and so on.

And there's also a number of blog posts, tutorials, and conference speeches out there, so I won't add another one here. If you want to get a quick overview of some of the great improvements and changes in the new Commerce 2.x, I can recommend e.g. this post by Sascha Grossenbacher.

Instead I've decided to write about the personal benefits I've gathered throughout my work on our first Commerce 2.x projects, besides having a great and immense flexible e-commerce framework. Where developers can enjoy working, and actually concentrate on implementing their business logic, to build great solutions for their clients without being limited. This post may get a bit longer (don't say, I haven't warned you before :p)

Decision Making Process

First, we should take a short excursion to the decision making process of our projects, and turn back the time a little bit. In the end of 2015 we signed a deal to re-launch a B2B store, previously running on an outdated Magento version having lots of individual needs, especially when it comes to pricing, shipping calculation, etc. Those are the kind of features in many e-commerce systems that are either not realisable at all, or only in a very time-consuming and inconvenient way. Those are the features where you, while developing, have to work against the system you build on. Staying on Magento was no real option at all, as in version 1.9 some of the feature requests would have been a nightmare to implement. The customer wasn't too much satisfied with their old 1.x at all and the EOL was already visible on the horizon. At that time Magento 2 was quite surprisingly released, after having a long period where development progress stuck a bit. The first insights, however, were there was as its best alpha mature software released stable under a great time pressure. I can't remember any other software where I encountered as many bugs on a test installation in such a short time.

However, we were preferring Drupal Commerce over Magento anyway, as already Commerce 1.x had this great flexibility you need for highly customized projects, so that would have been our logical first choice. But at that time, we have already fully switched the development of websites to Drupal 8, starting with a late beta in autumn and fully switching after rc1 release in October 2015. Although that was a huge change, developing on Drupal 8 was like love at first sight. The new architecture is so great, leaving no limits for fulfilling any wish and offering the necessary base for writing quality code. As I stated in an earlier blog post, to a developer with Java origins Drupal 8 feels far more like "real" programming, quite close to writing Java or .NET applications.

Code review

I had been reading the Commerce Guys blog posts about progress and future plans in the Commerce 2.x project with great interest for the preceding couple for months, and was already quite excited about that. There were many great ideas about architecture and sustainable decisions, such as first building Drupal independent PHP libraries for addressing, currency, taxes and formatting related tasks.

The time had come to have a closer look at the source code - and I was really excited about what I saw. The code base wasn't feature complete at all - and for sure, one or another smaller bug could be hiding somewhere - but the things that already existed, were well considered, well written, cleanly formatted, and greatly covered by unit tests extracting nearly every possible advantage the Drupal 8 and Symfony API is offering. I'd go so far to say that reading Commerce 2.x source code is mostly like reading a teaching book (a good one of course). You hardly find that in other open source projects. Off the top of my head, I could only think of the legendary Spring Framework (ok, to be fair, of course also of great PHP frameworks like Symfony, Laravel,..).

In Commerce Guys We Trust

Beside of the code review, the "Commerce Guys factor" was the most important one. Imho it's essential to assess a module also on its maintainership, especially if the module is playing a central role in your project, and even more if it's not finished and stable at the time of starting your project. And here are some points why I fully trusted in CG:

Their CEO Ryan Szrama can look back on many years of experience in developing Drupal based e-commerce frameworks and solutions. He started the Ubercart project in Drupal 5 and also lead the Drupal 6 version. Then he proved that he won't always go the easy way and he has got a sure feeling for making decisions, that are both challenging but also wise and sustainable. He decided to combine both the lessons learned from Ubercart and the new possibilities Drupal 7 offered and started to write a new e-commerce suite from ground up - Drupal Commerce was born. This was a shift from the encapsulated out-of-the-box solution Ubercart was, to a fully flexible platform utilizing Core improvements (e.g. entity API) as well as the power of contrib modules such as Rules and Views. The success justified this move.

And now again in the Drupal 8 version, brave decisions were taken instead of choosing the easy path. Switching to D8 is especially for bigger and more complex modules tied up with some work anyway. But still many try to just port their functionality 1:1 in order to just get a working D8 version. But the Commerce developers with leading Bojan Živanović the way as new project mastermind and Matt Glaman as his congenial co-maintainer, decided to utilize the unique chance to rewrite the whole project in order to make full use of the opportunities Drupal 8 offers. And again, the new architecture was build up on the results of self-evaluation of Commerce 1.x pros and cons, as well as intensive research on competitors, existing e-commerce platforms, research papers, etc

Especially I'm raising my hat for the incredible consequence the team showed all the time. We all know how time pressure can lead to trade-offs in quality and abandon plans of certain features etc. Although the development of Commerce 2.x took far longer as expected and planned, they never left the right track. They never huddled and committed immature stuff. They never wrote a feature without backing this by tests. They always went the extra mile, if certain lower level functionality that should be rather part of Core or a dedicated contrib module, wasn't present or working as expected, and rather tried to push core APIs or contrib modules forward, instead including a quick custom solution inside Commerce. While Magento tricked the world by releasing and selling an immature and at best alpha state software as stable after being under time pressure, the Commerce Guys kept working honestly to deliver a great piece of quality software at the end. Thank you so much for that!

The Win-Win-Win Situation

Let's return to the actual topic of this post. What I love most on working with open-source software is that, in the best case, every stakeholder benefits: you, your client, and lots of other people in the open source community, when you give and contribute back.

Our clients now have got decent e-commerce solutions tailored to their needs with a long lifespan. We did not only benefit from getting money for doing our work, but also I can proudly say that my Drupal skills improved during my work on Commerce projects. On the one side, it boosted the speed of my Drupal 8 adoption. Although we've implemented already a couple of Drupal 8 websites before, all having some individual requirements, resulting in writing custom modules, custom entity types, etc, working with Commerce showed me an ideal-typical way of how things like service collectors and plugin managers work in Symfony/Drupal 8.  I also learned how to implement certain design patterns in Symfony/Drupal 8 and it showed me some hidden, at that time undocumented, features like some specific properties of entity type annotations, that aren't present in the typical examples. Or simply reminded me to cleanly document every function.

But it wasn't only the coding stuff that helped me to improve. More important is that it somehow got me much more involved into the community than before. I always tried to contribute as much as possible by proposing patches, commenting on issues, founding and maintaining a few smaller modules. But (e.g.) I never used IRC before. I must admit that I missed the access to this rather nerd communication tool. I didn't deal with how to use this (tool support in Windows is rather bad imho), and I didn't see much benefit in using it all. Doing asynchronous communication on issue reports was all I needed. However, there were many things to discuss and coordinate with Bojan especially. So I dove into using IRC, where I since then regularly hang out to both ask for help and help others - as well as in Slack since shortly. And there's one aspect, I've not considered before. That may sound a bit sentimental, but having these direct conversations gives you a lot more of that team feeling, even - or maybe especially because - they are spread all over the world, and you know none of them personally. And you can see that there are also great persons behind that great developers you meet. That said, I should give some shouts out now. To Bojan, who is for sure one of the best PHP developers I encountered so far. To Matt and Ryan, to Jingsheng Wang, who was also one of the very first brave early adopters out there, to Josh Miller, with whom I've worked together on Commerce Wishlist module, to Guy Schneerson, maintainer of Commerce Stock and techno enthusiast *nz nz nz nz* *shaking*, and many others, who work hard for our community.

And finally, some words about the third win. I feel it as my duty to contribute and give something back to the community, because that's how OSS works, and that's especially, why Drupal stands out of other OSS projects. So I'm also quite proud that I'm the author of no less than 22 commits of Drupal Commerce and overall credited in 37 issues of Drupal Commerce over the past 13 months. Of course, there're some smaller issues part of it, but there were also more important ones like implementing the price resolvers. I've also helped to rewrite Commerce Wishlist module - which was rather simple because I could based this on the work of Bojan and Matt in commerce_order, and started three Commerce contrib modules (Commerce order number, Commerce Quantity Increments, Commerce Open Payment Platform), as well as contributed several patches to other contrib modules and also to Core.

I'm looking forward to the forthcoming release candidate. If you haven't tried Commerce 2.x so far, you should definitely try and consider it for your next project. Despite being labelled as "beta" (or soon release candidate), it's very stable already, only missing some UX in certain parts. Trust me, it's better to rely on conservative self-evaluation taking semantic versioning serious than on marketing-focused solutions that just label any immature crap as stable.

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